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过去进行时基本知识讲解

2017-06-10 23:49[中考英语语法] 来源: 评论:
过去进行时基本知识讲解

过去进行时表示过去在某一时间段或某一段时间内正在发生或进行的动作或状态。其形式为 主语+was /were + V-ing。常与表示过去的时间状语连用。



一、过去进行时的结构组成
1. 过去进行时由“主语+was/were + doing”构成
EX: We were having supper when the phone rang. 我们正在吃晚饭时电话响了。
2. 过去进行时的否定式由“主语+was/were not +doing”构成
EX: This time yesterday Jack was not watching TV. He was repairing his bike. 昨天这个时候,杰克不是在看电视,而是在修理自行车。
3. 过去进行时的疑问式由“was/were +主语+doing”组成
EX: Were you playing basketball at four yesterday afternoon? 昨天下午四点你们在打篮球吗?
句型
肯定句=主语+was/were+doing+其它
否定句=主语+was/were+not+doing+其它
一般疑问句=Was/Were+主语+doing+其它
答语:Yes,主语+was/were.或No主语+wasn't/weren’t.
特殊疑问句=特殊疑问词+一般疑问句+其它


二、过去进行时用法、定义详细讲解

1、表示过去某一时刻或某阶段正在发生的动作
例句:
He was playing table tennis at five yesterday afternoon.
他昨天下午5点一直在玩乒乓球。
We were expecting you yesterday.
我们昨天一直在等你。
2、不与时间状语连用可以表示逐渐的变化或发展。
例句:
The wind was rising.
起风了。
It was getting dark.天渐渐黑了。
3、用在条件或时间状语从句中表示过去将来正在进行的动作。
例句:
He told me to wake him up if he was sleeping.
他告诉我如果他睡着的话就叫醒他。
4、表示某种持续动作作为背景(一个画面,一种背景),以此引出一般过去时表示的新动作。
例句:
The baby was crying,and suddenly the crying stopped.
婴儿在哭,突然哭声停止了。
I was leaving the office when the telephone rang.
我正要离开办公司,电话铃响了。
5、描绘一片景象。
例句:
It was a summer morning in the country.The sun was just rising.A gentle wind was blowing.Some birds were singing merrily,flying from tree to tree.
这是乡间的一个夏日清晨。太阳刚刚升起。一阵微风吹过。一些鸟儿欢快地鸣唱着,在树林间飞来飞去。
6、表示按计划安排过去将要发生的动作,过去的预想。
例句:
At the end of the week she phoned to say that she was returning.她在周末打电话来说她就要回来了。 I thought you were leaving.我原以为你要走的。 Ten of them were coming for the meeting.他们有十个人要来参加会议。
7、与forever,continually,always,constantly等连用,表示某种感情色彩。
例句:
He was always changing his mind.
他老是改变主意。
She was forever grumbling.
她老是发牢骚。
8、表示婉转语气,只限于want,hope,wonder等动词,用以提出请求。
例句:
I was wondering if you could help me.
我想知道你是否能够帮助我。
I was hoping you could send me the book.
我想知道你是否能把书借给我。
9、表示动作的未完成性。过去进行时可以表示动作的未完成性,即对某事了解的不全面,希望得到更详细的情况。
例句:
I was hearing Susan had entered the college.
我听说苏珊上了大学。
10、表示继续刚刚中断的谈话,用于日常生活中。
例句:
As I were telling you,the boy took his stubbornness from his father.
正想我刚刚告诉你的,这孩子的犟脾气是他爸爸遗传给他的。
As she was telling me,we must depend upon ourselves to make our own way as best we can.
正如她所告诉我的,我们必须依靠自己竭尽全力走自己的路。
11、表示最近过去的事情。
例句:
I was hearing Susan had entered the college.
我听说苏珊进了大学。
Tom was telling me about it this morning.
汤姆今天早上告诉了我这件事。
12、表示与现在事实相反或将来的猜想情况,有时表示不耐烦等情绪。
例句:
I was going to phone you,but I just didn’t have time.
我本想给你打电话的,但就是没有时间。
The basketball match was taking place the next day,but it had to be cancelled because of the heavy rain.
篮球赛原定第二天举行的,但因大雨不得不取消。
I thought you were never coming.
我以为你总不会来了。
13、表示过去未实现的愿望或打算。
例句:
She was coming.
她本来要来的。
He was watching the play yesterday,but he was too busy.
他昨天本来要看那场戏的,可是太忙了。
14、表示对比。
例句: He was not sitting idle,he was making preparations.
他没有闲坐着,他在做准备。
While the children were playing in the shade,their parents were working in the scorching sun.
孩子们在树荫下玩耍,而他们的父母却在烈日下劳作。
15、表示原因。
例句:
I didn’t hear what you said;I was looking at the picture.
我没有听见你的话,我在看那幅画。
I haven’t finished my homework yet,I was helping my mother in the kitchen all day yesterday.
我还没完成作业,我昨天一整天都在帮妈妈干厨房活。
16、对所说的话进行强调。在小说的对话中,有时引述动词不用一般过去时,而用过去进行时,意在强调所说的话,语气较重,且更为生动。
例句:
A:“Did they catch her?”Mary was asking.
“他们抓住她了吗?”只听得玛丽问道。
B:”No,she escaped.”Tom told her.
“没有,她逃走了。”汤姆告诉她。

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