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高考英语完形填空训练(附详解)

2011-05-19 18:29[高考英语] 来源: 浏览: 次 评论:

In 1990 a report was published about what the earth might be like 20 years from then on. The report was a result of a three-year ___1___.

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according to the report, the picture of the earth in the year 2010 is not a ___2___ one. The world will be more ___3___ because the population will continue to grow. The population could be ___4___ 6 300 million, almost 2 150 million more than in 1985. More people would move into cities, especially cities in ___5___ countries. Cities like Cairo and Jakarta probably would ___6___ have 15 million by then.

Food production will ___7___, but not enough to feed all the people. Farmers will grow 90% more food than they did in 1985, ___8___ most of the increase would be in countries that ___9___ produce enough food for their people. Little increase is ___10___ in South Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Poor farming ways are ___11___ large areas of crop land, changing farms into deserts. More farmland is ___12___ as cities become larger and more houses are built. ___13___ will get worse as industrial countries burn more coal and oil. Many of the world’s ___14___ could disappear as more and more trees are cut down. Energy will continue to be a serious problem. The experts say their picture of the earth for the year 2010 ___15___. They only carried out the situation that ___16___ today. By changing the situation, by ___17___ the problems, the picture can be changed. There is ___18___ time for the nations of the world to work ___19___ a plan of action. But they warned that ___20___ too long to make decisions would greatly reduce the chances of success.

1. A. learning               B. project                   C. notice                     D. study

2. A. pleased                B. pleasant                 C. safe                         D. blue

3. A. dangerous            B. beautiful                C. crowded                  D. terrible

4. A. no more than        B. as many as            C. as much as               D. as large as

5. A. developing            B. developed              C. big                          D. mountainous

6. A. none                    B. each                      C. all                           D. neither

7. A. insist                    B. reduce                   C. increase                  D. continue

8. A. so                        B. but                        C. or                           D. however

9. A. already                 B. hardly                    C. partly                      D. never

10. A. wanted               B. lacked                    C. found                      D. expected

11. A. destroying           B. protecting              C. disturbing              D. interrupting

12. A. saved                 B. lost                        C. discovered                D. used

13. A. Air pollution        B. Water pollution       C. Some diseases           D. All farmland

14. A. animals               B. plants                    C. forests                      D. people

15. A. must be true        B. will come true        C. can't be true              D. may be wrong

16. A. happens              B. develops                C. exists                        D. appears

17. A. settling                B. working out           C. answering                 D. dealing

18. A. no                      B. still                        C. less                           D. plenty of

19. A. about                  B. in                          C. out                            D. for

20. A. working              B. suggesting              C. spending                    D. waiting

【答案与解析】

1. Dstudy 意为研究,根据下文,这是指对未来20年地球上的情况变化所作的研究。

2. B。与后面的人口增长,环境污染等联系起来看,在2010年地球上的状况(picture)将会令人不愉快(pleasant)

3. C。因为人口继续增长,所以世界会越来越拥挤(crowded)

4. D。指人口数目的多用large,少用small。指人口达到某一数目用“as large as + 数词

5. A。从现状来看,人口增长快的国家多为发展不发达的国家;而城市人口急剧增长的则是一些发展中的国家(developing countries)

6. B。前面提到了两个城市,故此空只能填eachneither具有否定意义,不合句意,也不能插入谓语之中。

7. C。临近几句是讲粮食增长问题,故选 increase“增长

8. B。前后两句具有转折意义:农民所生产的粮食将比1985多百分之90,但多数增产粮食的国家是在已经有足够粮食供人们生活的国家。

9. Aalready 意为已经,由下句可知:是指已经有足够粮食供人们生活的国家。

10. Dexpect意为预计,句意为:在亚洲南部的国家预计增产幅度不大。

11. A。由changing farms into deserts可知:不当农业生产方式毁坏(destroy)了大片生产粮食土地。

12. B。由于扩建城市,修建房屋,必然侵占大量农田,故选lost(失去)

13. A。由burn coal and oil必然排放大量烟雾,可推知:此处指空气污染(air pollution)

14. C。由more and more trees are cut down可推知:此处指森林(forests)可能消失。

15. D。此句意为:专家说地球到2010年的状况可能会不好。

16. Cexist 意为存在。由上下文可知:环境正遭受污染和破坏,专家们只是想保存今天状况。

17. Asettle the problems 意为解决问题

18. Bstill 意为还有,加强语气。句意为:现在还有时间给世界各国制定行动计划。

19. Cwork out a plan 意为制定计划

20. D。句意为:专家们警告说等待太长的时间作处决定将会极大地减少成功的机会。


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