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bbc听力:不定人称代词的用法

2014-01-17 14:29[BBC] 来源: 浏览: 次 评论:
bbc听力:不定人称代词的用法

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Q and A of the Week 你问我答

Li: 大家好我是杨莉。欢迎收听《你问我答》节目。今天的问题来自重庆的刘英,请我的同事 Catherine 代读:

Question

I have a question about the use of indefinite pronouns such as anybody/anyone, somebody/someone, everybody/everyone, nobody/no one, I cannot tell them apart. How do you use them correctly please? Thank you!

Li: 谢谢刘英。英语中的不定代词分三大类,比如:泛指某人 someone,泛指某物 something 或泛指某地 somewhere。今天我们先来集中探讨刘英同学罗列的四对非限定性人称代词:anybody/anyone, somebody/someone, everybody/everyone, nobody/no one.

这四对代词有一个共同点,那就是它们都是不定人称代词。所谓不定意思就是泛指任何人,也可能是张三,也可能不是张三。

现在我们逐一分析举例。Anybody/anyone – an unidentified person 身份不明的任何一个人。请听例句:

Examples

Does anybody know where the nearest post office is?

I've just moved to a new town, and I don't know anyone.

Li: 有谁知道附近的邮局在哪里吗?我刚刚搬到一个新城镇,谁都不认识。 注意,anybody 和 anyone 经常出现在疑问句和否定句中,而另一对不定人称代词 somebody/someone 虽然也是指身份不明的一个人,但往往用于肯定句里。

Examples

Somebody called yesterday, but I don't know who it was.

I know it's hard work but someone has to do it.

Li: 昨天有个人打电话来,不过我不知道是谁。我知道这活儿很艰苦,但是必须得有某个人来干。

现在我们来看另一个不定代词 everybody/everyone 每一个人。注意虽然这个代词从形式上看是单数,动词也用单数形式,但是,它所表达的是复数概念,所以请大家记住, 在 everyone/everybody 的后面,也就是宾语的地方要使用 they/their/them. 请听例句:

Examples

Everyone has to take their shoes off before they come in.

Could everybody please put their names on the list?

Everybody enjoyed themselves at the party.

Li: 每个人进门前必须脱鞋。请每人把自己的名字写在名单上好吗?每个人在派对上都玩得很开心。同 everybody 相反的是 nobody or no one.

Examples

Nobody speaks Arabic here I'm afraid.
No one can afford a big house like that.
Li: 这里没有人会说阿拉伯语。没人能买得起这样的大房子! 最后请大家一起欣赏一段笑话,涉及了四个人,他们的名字分别是 Everybody, Somebody, Anybody 和 Nobody,这叫好戏压场,多听两遍,保你搞笑!

Example

There was an important job to be done and everybody was sure that somebody would do it. Anybody could have done it, but nobody did it. Somebody got angry about that, because it was Everybody's job. Everybody thought anybody could do it, but nobody realized that everybody wouldn't do it. It ended up that everybody blamed somebody when nobody did what anybody could have done.

【看这里~】

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