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2015年高考英语一轮复习题库:Module3 Unit 2

2014-07-15 11:22[高考英语] 来源: 评论:
2015年高考英语一轮复习题库:Module3 Unit 2
Language         

Ⅰ.单项填空
1. — I don't know ______ we eat at this restaurant or that.
— It doesn't really matter.
A. what B. why
C. when D. whether
2. It is difficult for ______ beginner in English to make ______ distinction between American English and British English.
A. a; the B. the; a
C. a; a D. the; the
3. ______ I'm not sure of winning the match, I will take a chance.
A. Once B. Before
C. While D. Since
4. Nowadays, many young couples find it difficult to ______ a child. It requires more money and effort than before.
A. raise B. observe
C. tolerate D. ignore
5. — I called you several times last night, but you didn't answer the phone.
— Sorry, I ______ TV.
A. watched B. was watching
C. am watching D. had watched
6. Walking around, I found the whole park was full of young people ______ for the tourist festival.
A. dressing up B. dress up
C. to dress up D. have dressed up
7. As a matter ______ fact, his son is being trained to take control ______ the family business.
A. in; of B. of; over
C. in; over D. of; of
8. We all know that Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for his ______ to Quantum Theory.
A. connection B. explanation
C. contribution D. construction
9. — What else do you like doing in your spare time ______ surfing the Internet?
— I like dancing, playing chess, watching TV and so on.
A. aside from B. thanks to
C. according to D. instead of
10. My grandma was fond of kids. In fact, she had spent her ______ life taking care of those homeless kids until her death.
A. adult B. extraordinary
C. peaceful D. entire  11. In my opinion, a life worth living should ______ continuous efforts and progress.
A. be consisted of B. be made up of
C. be made of D. be included in
12. ______ is widely agreed ______ forcing students to concentrate on their studies is not a good idea.
A. This; that B. It; that
C. This; what D. It; what
13. His grandfather lives in a small house, ______ there are a lot of tall pine trees.
A. which B. that
C. around which D. in which
14. — ______ you like the new type of car so much, why not buy it?
— Well, I can't afford it.
A. Even though B. As if
C. Now that D. So that
15. ______ is most important to me now is to try to find out the truth.
A. That B. What
C. It D. Which
Ⅱ.完形填空
A
Integrating(融为一体) the four main language skills (listening, reading, speaking, and writing) has showed to be very beneficial in the second language classroom. Study shows we __1__ use a single skill when communicating, so it makes sense to __2__ more than one skill at a time.
There are several advantages for using an integrated approach. Not only are learners given the chance to interact in a __3__ way, but learners are also exposed to the richness and complexity(复杂性)of the language. __4__, with a separated approach, it is difficult to use language in a meaningful way. For __5__, when students practise only one skill at a time, such as speaking, it is meaningless, because they can not concentrate on just speaking while they are __6__ communicating.
Another advantage to using an integrated approach is that students are more likely to be __7__ to learn a language if they are able to use it to interact, rather than to just have knowledge about the language. In this approach, language is treated as a __8__ of interaction, rather than an academic subject.
A third advantage of an integrated approach is that skill integration allows for __9__ in all main skills at the same time, which allows students to be able to use their strengths in order to help them grow in their weaknesses. In other __10__, if a student is particularly __11__ at reading, they may be able to use this skill to help them with listening or writing.
An integrated skills approach is obviously a more realistic approach to language learning, while a separated approach does not __12__ a meaningful understanding of language. Nor does it seem to be a motivating style to learning a foreign language.
1. A. often B. frequently
C. urgently D. rarely
2. A. focus on B. depend on
C. live on D. insist on
3. A. wonderful B. meaningful
C. cheerful D. powerful
4. A. Therefore B. Somehow
C. However D. Besides
5. A. instance B. fun
C. good D. entertainment
6. A. especially B. actually
C. specially D. eventually
7. A. forced B. ordered
C. inspired D. supposed
8. A. sign B. symbol
C. signal D. means
9. A. growth B. truth
C. strength D. faith
10. A. words B. cases
C. ways D. hands
11. A. angry B. slow
C. good D. disappointed
12. A. include B. affect
C. cause D. offer
B
A proverb is a short, well known saying that expresses a common truth or belief. Many proverbs give advice about the best way to live.
Recently, we asked our listeners to send us 1.__________ favorite proverbs. The top proverb among these listeners is this one: “Where there is a will, there is a way.” This means that you can rise above your problems 2.__________ you have a goal and work very hard. Another favorite proverb was, “God helps those 3.__________ help themselves.”
Xu Daju from China wrote that his country has thousands of proverbs. Several of them are 4.__________ used in the United States. One example is “Birds of a feather flock together.” This means that people who are 5.__________ often become friends or spend time together. Another proverb is “Blood is thicker 6.__________ water.” This means family ties are stronger than other relationships.
Wafaa from Egypt says her favorite proverb is, “Think twice, act wise.” She also says she is making 7.__________ effort to use this saying in her life. Another one is “Your defeat now is your victory in the future,” meaning you can learn 8.__________ your mistakes. Ⅲ.阅读理解
Babies don't learn to talk just from hearing sounds. New research suggests they're lip­readers too.
Florida scientists discovered that starting around age 6 months, babies begin shifting from the eye gaze(注视)to studying mouths when people talk to them.
“In order to imitate you, the baby has to figure out how to shape their lips to make that particular sound they're hearing,” explains psychologist David Lewkowicz of Florida Atlantic University, who led the study. “It's an incredibly complex process.”
Apparently it doesn't take them too long to absorb the movements that match basic sounds. By their first birthdays, babies start shifting back to look you in the eye again — unless they hear the unfamiliar sounds of a foreign language. Then, they stick with lip­reading a bit longer.
In the experiment, David Lewkowicz tested nearly 180 babies, groups of them at ages 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 months.
How? They showed videos of a woman speaking in English or Spanish to babies of English speakers. A device tracked where each baby was focusing his or her gaze and recorded how long the gaze lasted.
They found a dramatic shift in attention: When the speaker used English, the 4­month­olds gazed mostly into her eyes. The 6­month­olds spent equal amounts of time looking at the eyes and the mouth. The 8­ and 10­month­olds studied mostly the mouth. At 12 months, attention started shifting back toward the speaker's eyes.
It makes sense that at 6 months, babies begin observing lip movement, Lewkowicz says, because that's about the time babies' brains gain the ability to control their attention rather than automatically look toward noise.
But what happened when these babies used to English heard Spanish? The 12­month­olds studied the mouth longer, just like younger babies. They needed the extra information to decipher (破译)the unfamiliar sounds.
“It's a pretty interesting finding,” says University of Iowa psychology professor Bob McMurray, who also studies baby speech development. The babies “know what they need to know about, and they're able to draw their attention to what's important at that point in language development.”
1. Which of the following is the best title of the passage?
A. Babies Learn to Talk from Hearing Sounds
B. Babies Learn to Talk by Reading Lips
C. How Babies Learn Language after Birth
D. Babies Can Understand a Foreign Language
2. When an adult talks to a 5­month­old baby, the baby usually ______.
A. looks the adult into the eyes
B. watches the adult's lip
C. studies the adult's facial expressions
D. feels very excited
3. Babies start to focus their attention on eyes of speakers again when they are nearly ______.
A. 7 months old B. 8 months old
C. 12 months old D. 20 months old
4. When babies are half one year old, what can they do?
A. They can control their attention.
B. They can recognize human faces.
C. They can play with toys.
D. They can tell parents from others.
5. We can infer that David Lewkowicz ______.
A. did the experiment on his own
B. teaches Spanish at Florida Atlantic University
C. invited a woman to speak English to babies
D. studies baby speech development
Ⅳ.阅读填空(每空不超过三个单词)
Need some tips on learning English? We have some great ones for you this time and we're sure they will help you to learn English more easily and with more fun!
(1)Find something interesting about your English study. Why not watch your favourite film in English? You could also read the lyrics (歌词) of pop songs, or check out celebrity sites (名人网站) and learn more about your favorite basketball or football players.
(2)Read English texts as often as you can. This could be news, short stories or novels. Choose an interesting text that is not too difficult for you. Don't look up every new word — even without a dictionary you will understand a lot if you are interested in the topic. If you are a football fan, you won't have problems understanding an English article about football.
Also watch the news in Chinese and find English news about the same topics. Even if you don't understand every word in English, you will understand it as you already know what the text is about.
(3)Choose your favourite movie. Have paper and pen ready as you may want to write down useful words or phrases. Listening to your favourite English songs is another cool way. Read first and find out what the song is about. Pick some words or phrases that you would like to learn. A dictionary may also be useful.
(4)With your friends, you can repeat your English vocabulary, do your homework and help each other with English grammar. Maybe your friends have a better way of studying. Or, maybe you can give them cool advice!
(5)Set a target for each week or each month and give a reward for yourself if you can achieve it. For example, you can write: If I can do that, I will play my favorite computer games for half an hour; buy my favorite snack (Harry Potter books, etc.); visit the zoo; go to a concert.
Tips on learning English
1.__________ ●2.__________
●read song lyrics
●check out celebrity sites
●learn more about your favorite basketball or football players
Learn through reading ●read news, short stories or novels
●choose 3.__________ texts
●don't 4.__________ too often
●watch the news in Chinese to help you 5.__________
Learn through 6.__________ ●write down useful words or phrases while 7.__________
●pick some words or phrases from your favourite English songs
Study with friends ●repeat your English vocabulary
●do your homework
●help each other with English grammar
●8.__________ ways of studying
9.__________ If reaching the set target, reward yourself by:
●10.__________ for half an hour
●buying favorite snack
●visiting the zoo
●going to a concert


Unit 2
Ⅰ.1. D 考查名词性从句。句意:“我不知道该在这家餐馆吃饭还是在那家餐馆吃饭。”“其实根本无所谓。”根据句意可知选D项。
2. C 考查冠词。第一空选择用不定冠词,表示 “泛指”;make a distinction 为固定搭配,表示“区分,区别”。
3. C 考查从属连词。句意:尽管我不敢确定是否能赢得这次比赛,但我要冒险一试。while 此处表示“尽管”,引导让步状语从句。
4. A 考查动词辨析。raise在此是“抚养,带大” 之意,符合句意。observe 观察,遵守; tolerate 容忍; ignore 忽视,不理。
5. B 考查时态。根据语境可知,“看电视”的动作发生在过去,且是在对方打电话的时候,故用过去进行时。
6. A 考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,空格部分需用v.­ing形式作后置定语。
7. D 考查介词搭配。as a matter of fact 事实上; take control of 控制,取得对……的控制,二者均为固定搭配。
8. C 考查名词辨析。contribution 贡献,符合题意。connection 联系; explanation 解释,说明; construction 施工。
9. A 考查介词短语辨析。aside from意为“除了……之外”,符合句意。thanks to 由于; according to 根据; instead of 代替,而不是。
10. D 考查形容词词义辨析。句意:我祖母喜欢孩子。实际上,她把自己的一生都用来照顾那些无家可归的孩子们直到她去世。entire 整个的,完全的,符合句意。adult 成年的,成年人的; extraordinary 非同寻常的; peaceful 安静的,和平的。
11. B 考查动词短语用法。句意:只有不断的努力和进步,方能成就有意义的生活。be made up of 由……构成。consist of 没有被动语态,故排除A项;be made of 由……制成; be included in 被……包括在内,不符合语境。
12. B 考查名词性从句。本题中第一空用it 作形式主语,第二空选用that 引导主语从句,作真正的主语。
13. C 考查定语从句。根据语境可知,在房子周围有许多松树,故引导定语从句的关系词which前需要加介词around。
14. C 考查状语从句。句意:“既然你这么喜欢这款新型小汽车,为什么不买?”“哦,我买不起。”now that 意为“既然,由于”, 引导原因状语从句。even though 即使,尽管; as if 好像,似乎; so that 结果,以便。
15. B 考查名词性从句。句意:现在对我来说最重要的是努力查明真相。what 引导主语从句,并在从句中作主语。
Ⅱ.A 1. D 根据后面的内容可知我们在交际时很少只用到单个语言技能。rarely“罕见地,稀有地”,符合句意。often 经常; frequently 频繁地; urgently 急迫地。
2. A focus on意为“关注,集中于”,符合句意,后面because they can not concentrate on just speaking也有提示。depend on 依赖,依靠; live on以……为生; insist on 坚持。
3. B 四位一体的教学法能使互动更有意义。meaningful“有意义的”,符合句意。后面it is difficult to use language in a meaningful way也有提示。wonderful 神奇的; cheerful 开心的; powerful 强大的。
4. C 前后意义转折,故用however(然而)。therefore 所以; somehow 不知怎么的,设法; besides 除此之外。
5. A for instance意为“例如”,符合句意。for fun 好玩; for good 永远; for entertainment 为了娱乐。
6. B 在他们的实际交际活动中,他们不可能只关注说的技能。actually “现实地,实际地,真实地”,符合句意。especially 特别地; specially 专门地; eventually 最终。
7. C inspire在此是“激励,鼓励”之意。
8. D means在此意为“方式,手段”,符合句意。sign 手势,标志; symbol 标志,符号; signal信号。
9. A growth在此是“发展,提高,长大”之意,符合句意。
10. A in other words在此意为“换句话说”,符合句意。
11. C be good at在此意为“擅长”,符合句意。
12. D 分离教法不能提供对语言的有意义的理解。offer意为“提供”,符合句意。
B 1. their 考查代词。名词前缺少限定性词语,根据意义应用形容词性物主代词。
2. if 考查连词。if引导一个条件状语从句。
3. who 考查关系代词。who引导一个定语从句。
4. also 考查副词。此处为递进关系。also意为“也”,常用于句中。
5. alike 考查句意判断。Birds of a feather flock together的意思是“物以类聚,人以群分”,故此处填alike(一样的,相同的)。
6. than 考查连词。后面一句是比较状语从句。
7. an 考查冠词。make an effort 意为“作出努力”。
8. from 考查动词短语。 learn from意为“向……学习,从……中学习”。
Ⅲ.1. B 主旨大意题。根据本文的主题句Babies don't learn to talk just from hearing sounds. New research suggests they're lip­readers too.可知本文主要介绍了一项科学发现:婴儿通过观察嘴唇来学习讲话的,故B项正确。A项是文中的细节,不具有概括性。C项外延太大,不具有针对性。D项没有相关信息支撑。
2. A 细节理解题。根据第二段的内容可知当成年人对一个4个月大的婴儿讲话时,婴儿通常会注视大人的眼睛。倒数第四段When the speaker used English, the 4­month­olds gazed mostly into her eyes也有说明。
3. C 细节理解题。根据第四段第二句By their first birthdays, babies start shifting back to look you in the eye again可知到将近一岁的时候,婴儿又把注意力集中到说话者的眼睛上了。
4. A 细节理解题。根据倒数第三段It makes sense that at 6 months…because that's about the time babies' brains gain the ability to control their attention可知6个月大的婴儿可以控制注意力了。
5. D 推理判断题。根据最后一段who also studies baby speech development可以判断David Lewkowicz是研究婴儿语言发展的。
Ⅳ.1. Become interested 概括信息题。根据第二段主题句Find something interesting about your English study及右边的内容可知此处讲对英语学习要有兴趣。
2. watch English films 整合信息题。根据Why not watch your favourite film in English?可知作者建议你看一些你喜爱的英语电影。
3. easy and interesting 整合信息题。根据Choose an interesting text that is not too difficult for you.可知你可以读一些容易且有趣的文章。
4. use your dictionary 整合信息题。根据Don't look up every new word可知不要去查每一个生词,即不用词典。
5. understand English news 整合信息题。根据第四段可知阅读汉语新闻有助于你理解相同内容的英语新闻。
6. movies and songs 概括信息题。根据右边的信息可知你也可以通过看电影和听音乐来学习英语。
7. enjoying movies 整合信息题。根据Choose your favourite movie. Have paper and pen ready as you may want to write down useful words or phrases.可知你可以在看电影的过程中记下有用的英语词语。
8. exchange 整合信息题。根据Maybe your friends have a better way of studying. Or, maybe you can give them cool advice!可知你可以与朋友交流学习方法。
9. Give yourself rewards 概括信息题。根据最后一段及右边的内容可知此处讲奖励自己学英语。
10. playing computer games 整合信息题。根据If I can do that, I will play my favorite computer games for half an hour可知如果你达到了目标,你可以奖励自己玩半个小时的游戏。

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